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Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is a structured, goal orientated approach that explores the relationships between thoughts, emotions, and behaviour.


Difficulties are understood by exploring the interactions between thoughts, feelings and behaviour and specific strategies are used to create change in one or more of these areas to reduce distress.  


CBT has been a very successful approach and over the years it has developed into a family of interventions rather than a single therapy.


More recent additions to the CBT family include Schema Focused Therapy, Compassion Focused Therapy, Dialectical Behaviour Therapy, Mindfulness based interventions and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT). All of these offer slightly different perspectives and strategies for creating change.































CBT approaches have a good evidence base for being effective with a variety of difficulties, including mood, anxiety, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, personality, substance misuse, eating problems and psychosis.


CBT approaches are effective with adults and children.



Therapy - Cognitive Behaviour Therapy


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Dialectical Behaviour Therapy

(DBT)

Mindfulness based Interventions

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy

(ACT)

Developed by Marsha Linehan, DBT combines Cognitive Behaviour ideas with those from Eastern meditative philosophy. It is particularly effective with helping people who experience very strong emotions and tend to cope by hurting themselves, for example by cutting, swallowing pills, or behaving in risky ways.

Mindfulness is the practice of focusing attention and awareness. It is based on concepts in Buddhist meditation practice, but widely used by people regardless of any religious connections. It has been found to be particularly useful in helping with pain, stress, depression, eating problems and addictions.


ACT seeks not to change our thoughts as a pure CBT approach would, but to simply notice them and accept them. ACT uses mindfulness and acceptance techniques to help people learn to make room for painful feelings without being defeated by them.

Schema Focused Therapy

Compassion Focused Therapy

Schema Focused Therapy has been developed by Dr. Jeffrey Young. It brings together elements from cognitive therapy, behaviour therapy, object relations, Gestalt therapy and more recently mindfulness techniques. It has been particularly useful in helping with personality difficulties and long standing depression.


Compassion Focused Therapy has been developed by Paul Gilbert to help people who experience high levels of shame and self-criticism. It aims to help people to feel compassion for themselves, to extend warmth and understanding to themselves while using CBT techniques.